Ship to Shore (STS) Crane Safety Guidelines
Vessel / Terminal STS Crane Safety
To minimize the risk of a vessel collision with dockside STS cranes, the SCPA will implement the following waterside guidelines:
1)All STS cranes are required to remain on stowage pins when idle.
2)Prior to a vessel’s arrival or departure from a berth, STS cranes are to be positioned on stowage pins together, near the amidships section of the vessel (as to avoiding the vessel’s bow and stern flair).
3)STS cranes are to not be moved while a vessel is berthing. Moving a crane disorients and distracts the docking pilot.
4)Idle STS crane booms will be raised over empty berths. If a boom cannot be raised up, Harbor and Docking pilots will be appropriately notified.
Any idle and unmanned STS cranes will be positioned on safety stowage pins to restrict unplanned movement.
Anytime a ship is maneuvered near a berth with stowed STS cranes, a risk of collision exists. If a ship makes contact with a dock at any approach other than flat and parallel, portions of the vessel can extend over the dock. Should a STS crane happen to be in the area, a collision resulting in significant loss is probable. Placing STS cranes in areas adjacent to the ship’s flatbody is the best way to minimize collision risk.
STS cranes should not be moved down the pier while a ship is berthing. Any crane movement may cause a loss of situational awareness regarding the ship’s motion relative to the berth. If STS cranes must be moved to clear bollards for the linemen or for any other reason, they should not be moved during vessel approach until after the ship is All Fast.
STS cranes boomed down over empty berths risk contact with berthing or passing ships. New generation STS booms extend more than 190 feet beyond the dock face into the navigation channel. If SCPA operations require a lowered boom over an empty berth, the appropriate Pilots will be notified of status and crane position.
**Instances that will impact amidships positioning include mechanical failures, weather, scheduled M&R, in progress vessel operations and vessels with mid-ship superstructures.